Hitachi Super Express Trains, United Kingdom
Super Express trains are being manufactured by Hitachi Rail Europe to replace the high speed trains of UK railway network under the Intercity Express Programme (IEP).
The trains will run on the Great Western and East Coast main lines of the UK. Running at a speed of 125mph (200kmph), the trains will reduce the journey time between London, Leeds, Newcastle and Edinburgh by up to 18 minutes.
The trains for the Great Western and East Coast main lines will be introduced by December 2017 and 2018 respectively. The first unit is expected to be delivered by the end of 2014.
Testing of the units will be completed by March 2015. The entire deliveries will be made by the end of 2020.
The trains will be maintained by the depots in Doncaster, Bristol, Swansea and London.
Intercity Express Programme (IEP)
The £5.8bn ($9.37bn) IEP programme was initiated in 2005 by the UK Department for Transport (DfT). The programme will replace the UK rail network's intercity and high speed trains introduced in the 1990s.
A fleet of 125 intercity trains running on the East Coast and Great Western Main Lines will also be upgraded under the programme.
The DfT selected Network Rail to provide infrastructure services and Agility Trains to provide new passenger trains for the programme. Agility Trains is a consortium of Hitachi Rail Europe (70%) and John Laing Investments (30%).
Details of the Hitachi Super Express Trains
Hitachi Rail Europe will provide two variants of the Super Express trains, namely Class 800 and Class 801. The Class 800 are Bi-mode (diesel-electric) trains ,whereas the Class 801 are electric trains.
The trains will be installed with European Train Control System (ETCS) Level 2 signalling, British Rail Automatic Train Protection (BR ATP) systems and Insulated-Gate Bipolar Transistor (IGBT) Three Phase AC Drive traction control system.
Each Super Express train will have five to 12 cars. The train will be 26m long and 2.7m wide. A ten-car train can accommodate about 700 seated-passengers.
The trains will be eco-friendly, saving 12% energy and carbon per person per journey, compared to other electric rolling stock.
Features of Hitachi's Super Express trains
The Super Express train will feature fully functional heating, ventilation and air conditioning (HVAC), wheelchair accessible toilets, CCTV, passenger information and counting systems, Wi-Fi facilities and LCD seat reservation electric display.
The train can be operated in Driver Only Operation (DOO) and Selective Door Opening (SDO) modes.
Orders for the Hitachi Super Express trains
Agility Trains signed a contract with the DfT to build, finance and maintain 596 train carriages - 369 for the Great Western Main Line and 227 for the East Coast Line. The £4.5bn ($7.2bn) contract was signed in July 2012. The carriages will be built at Hitachi's factory in Kasado, Japan.
The DfT signed another contract with Hitachi Rail in July 2013 for 270 additional carriages (30 nine-car electric trains) for the East Coast Main Line. The £1.2bn ($1.9bn) contract includes the design, build, finance and maintenance of Super Express trains for the next 27.5 years. The trains will be manufactured at Newton Aycliffe, County Durham.
Contractors involved with Hitachi Super Express design and construction
Network Rail selected a joint venture of Atkins and Parsons Brinckerhoff as Lead Design Organisation (LDO) and System Integrator to provide electrification services for the Great Western Mainline.
EC Harris will construct the three intercity express depots at London North Pole, Bristol Stoke Gifford and Swansea Maliphant, as well as upgrade four existing depots.
DCA will provide interior design and exterior mock up for the trains. The passenger counting systems and driver reminder safety switches will be provided by Petards. Interior lighting will be provided by LPA.
Knorr-Bremse will supply braking systems under a €42m ($57.23m) contract awarded in August 2013. It will also provide EP Compact electronic brake controls, bogie equipments and air supply systems with oil-free compressors.
MTU Friedrichshafen, a subsidiary of Tognum, will provide 250-700kW MTU Powerpacks with Series 1600 rail engines for the trains. MTU will also provide maintenance services for the trains under the €200m ($272.56m) contract awarded in September 2012.
Passenger Information and Seat Reservation Systems will be supplied by Televic Rail. The systems will be based on Televic's latest iCoM technologies. Nomad Digital will provide on-board servers (OBS) for 92 trains.
GB Railfreight will provide train operation services to facilitate the train testing and commissioning.
TOC antennas for the trains will be provided by H&S, driver safety devices by Arrowale, GSM-R signalling systems by Siemens, coupler and gangway by Deliner, exterior lighting by BMAC, wheelset by Lucchini, and TPWS/AWS and APC- Receiver by Thales.
Track circuit actuator will be provided by Unipart, fuel tank by Johnson Security, exhaust system by TBC eminox, side windows by TBC Romag and pantograph by Breckneil Willis.
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