Mass Rapid Transport System (MRTS)
Nagpur Metro is a new mass rapid transport system (MRTS) under development in Nagpur, the capital city of Maharashtra state, India. The MRTS will cover a total length of 38.21km and is estimated to cost Rs86.80bn ($1.4bn).
The Nagpur Metro will encompass two alignments, which include the north-south corridor and the east-west corridor. The North-South corridor will originate at Automotive Square in the north and terminate at MIHAN in the south, whereas the east-west corridor will connect Prajapati Nagar on the eastern part of the city with Lokmanya Nagar in the western part of the city. The two routes will be served by 36 stations in total.
The public transportation system in Nagpur currently caters to just 10% of commuters. Motorised transport is dominated by two-wheelers (28%) and other vehicles, causing pollution as well as traffic congestion on roads. The city thus needs a safe, reliable, cost-efficient, commuter-friendly and pollution-free rapid public transport system to resolve these issues.
The new rapid transit system proposed for Nagpur will reduce the travel time by approximately 50% and offer easy and uninterrupted movement in major parts of the city.
The Gurgaon Metro Rail Project is a planned 6.1km-long rapid rail route that will connect Sikanderpur on Delhi Metro Line 2 (DMRC) with the DLF Cyber City region in Gurgaon near Haryana.
Nagpur Improvement Trust (NIT), the Planning and Development Authority for the entire Nagpur Metropolitan region, signed an agreement with Delhi Metro Rail Cooperation (DMRC) for the preparation of the detailed project report (DPR) for Nagpur Metro rail system in February 2012. DMRC submitted the DPR to NIT in February 2013.
Traffic survey for the project was concluded in May 2013. The DPR received approval from the state government of Maharashtra in January 2014 and ‘In Principle’ approval from the Ministry of Urban Development in February 2014.
The government of India sanctioned the project in August 2014 and foundation stone was laid by the Indian Prime Minister in the same month. The Maharashtra Airport Development Company (MADC) transferred 37ha of land to Nagpur Metro Railway Company Limited (NMRCL) for the metro rail project in February 2015.
NMRCL is a special purpose vehicle (SPV) created by central and state governments for the execution of the project. It floated a tender for the construction of bridges, retaining walls, boundary walls, and earthwork in depot and at-grade section in Airport-Khapari-Mihan depot segment in the North-South Corridor in April 2015.
Construction will begin later this year and the project is scheduled for completion by March 2018.
The 19.65km-long Line 1 (North-South) will serve 17 stations. These are Automotive Square, Nari Road, Indora Square, Kadvi Square, GaddiGodam Square, Kasturchand Park, Zero Mile, and Sitaburdi, as well as Congress Nagar, Rahate Colony, Ajni Square, Chhatrapati Square, Jaiprakash Nagar, Ujjwal Nagar, Airport, New Airport and Khapari. The route will include a terminal-cum-depot at MIHAN.
The Line 2 (East-West) will pass through 19 elevated stations; Prajapati Nagar, Vaishno Devi Square, Ambedkar Square, Telephone Exchange, ChittarOli Square, Agrasen Square, Dosar Vaisya Square, Nagpur Railway Station, Sitaburdi, Jhansi Rani Square, and Institute of Engineers, as well as Shankar Nagar Square, LAD Square, Dharampeth College, Subhash Nagar, Rachana Ring Road Junction, Vasudev Nagar, Bansi Nagar, and Lokmanya Nagar.
The rolling stock running on the 18.55km-long line will be serviced by a depot at Lokmanya Nagar. Two routes will converge at Sitaburdi where commuters would be able to interchange the routes.
The government of India and the government of Maharashtra will fund 20% each of the total project cost, whereas NIT and Nagpur Municipal Corporation (NMC) will contribute 5% each. The remaining 50% funding will be secured through loans and other sources.
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