X’trapolis Mega, designed for sub-urban and regional transport, travels at a maximum speed of 160km/h. Image: courtesy of Alstoms
The coaches of X’trapolis Mega feature organised modular seating arrangement either longitudinal or transversal. Image: courtesy of Alstoms
Wide windows of the X’trapolis Mega coaches enhance passenger visibility. Image: courtesy of Alstoms

The X'trapolis high-capacity train

Produced by Alstom Transport, X’trapolis is a high-capacity train specifically designed for suburban and regional transport. X’trapolis Mega is a metric gauge variant of the X’trapolis.

X’trapolis runs at a speed of 120km/h, and can be upgraded to attain a maximum speed of 160km/h. It offers modularity, reliability and high capacity, while delivering a high degree of passenger comfort.

Gibela, a joint venture led by Alstom, received a €4bn ($4.46bn) order from the Passenger Rail Agency of South Africa (PRASA) for the delivery of 600 X’trapolis Mega commuter trains, to be delivered between 2015 and 2025 to serve South Africa’s 1,067m metric gauge lines.

X’Trapolis Mega design and features

The X’Trapolis Mega is designed to serve up to 30,000 passengers per hour per direction. It is compliant with the EN 15227 crashworthiness standard, and is equipped with an automatic train operation (ATO) signalling system, which enables it to navigate through high-density networks easily, helping to optimise the flows over the line.

All Paris’ lines are subject to extension plans of varying certainty and ambition

The train offers a range of modular options, varying in train lengths, single-decker/double-decker, variable width and number of doors.

It consumes 31% less energy compared to its counterparts due to its lighter weight, which is achieved by using a stainless steel body and insulated gate bipolar transistor (IGBT) regenerative braking system.

A typical six-car train has a length of 131.42m, width of 2.75m, floor height of 1.1m, and two bogies. The train’s modularity allows it to carry up to 18 car body modules. The platform height of the train is 860mm or 1,070mm, and the gangway width is 1,350mm.

Each coach has three double external sliding doors per side and is organised with a modular seating arrangement. The wide doors enable optimal passenger flow during rush hours. Each vehicle offers a seating capacity of 234 to 380, and seating/standing passenger capacity of 1,088 to 1218. A single train set houses two universal toilets, and each vehicle accommodates two wheel chairs.

X’Trapolis interiors and facilities

X’Trapolis features spacious interiors allowing easy flow of passengers inside the train. Full-length connecting gangways, wide doors and step-free coach entrances provide ease of passenger boarding and alighting.

"X’Trapolis features spacious interiors allowing easy flow of passengers inside the train. Full-length connecting gangways, wide doors and step-free coach entrances provide ease of passenger boarding and alighting."

The coaches are air-conditioned and offer ergonomic seating and areas designed for people with reduced mobility. They’re also fitted with large windows to improve visibility and provide the travellers with a sense of security.

The train is also equipped with modern passenger interfaces and communication systems including Wi-Fi internet connectivity, real-time information on-board, entertainment, and real-time ground communication.

Orders and deliveries of X’tropolis Mega

Alstom received an order from PRASA to supply 600 X’trapolis Mega passenger trains (3,600 coaches) in 2013. The financial closure of the contract was concluded in July 2014. The contract also includes the construction of a local manufacturing facility in Dunnottar, 50km east of Johannesburg. PRASA placed the order with the aim of revolutionising the mass transit rapid transport system in South Africa.

The first 20 trains of the contract will be produced at the company’s Lapa plant in Brazil, while the Dunnottar facility will produce 580 trains.

Alstom received a €85m ($110m) contract from Public Transport Victoria to supply eight X’trapolis trainsin June 2013. The trains are scheduled to operate on Melbourne’s suburban train network in 2015. Alstom will produce the trains at its Ballarat manufacturing facility in Australia. It delivered 74 X’Trapolis trains (444 cars) to the state of Victoria between 2002 and 2013.