Hyderabad Metro, Andhra Pradesh, India
Hyderabad's Metro is a proposed rapid transit system for the city of Hyderabad in Andhra Pradesh, India. The project, owned by Hyderabad Metro Rail, was proposed in 2008 to meet the transport needs of the city's growing population, which is expected to increase to 13.64 million by 2021.
The contract to build and operate the metro system was awarded to Larsen and Toubro (L&T) in July 2010.
The city covers the municipal corporation and metropolitan areas of the region. The municipal corporation area is about 625 square kilometres, while the metropolitan area covers 6,852 square kilometres.
Buses are the major public transportation system in Hyderabad, and are operated by the Andhra Pradesh Road Transport Corporation, which runs a fleet of more than 19,000 vehicles. Hyderabad also has a light rail transportation service, the Multi-Modal Transport System. Journeys by public transport are estimated to constitute 42% of all motorised trips made every day.
However, with the growing population and number of vehicles on the road, the city's transportation system has come under immense pressure to develop a metro rail project.
The new metro rail will shorten journey times by 50-70% and is expected to reduce carbon emissions by up to 3,100t a year.
The metro project was earlier designed with a capacity of 40,000 passengers per hour in peak direction. Capacity was scaled up to 60,000 passengers per hour considering the increasing density of population. The frequency of the service will be around one train every five minutes.
Financial backing from federal and state government
The estimated cost of the Hyderabad Metro project is $2.62bn. About 20% of this will be provided as part of the government's viability gap funding scheme. The federal and state governments will provide financial support for 40% of the project cost.
Hyderabad Metro project details
In April 2008, the Government of Andhra Pradesh (GoAP) approved phase one of the project based on traffic and transportation reports generated by the Delhi Metro Rail Corporation (DMRC). The DMRC's reports were based on studies made of the geophysical features of the routes and on international best practices and economics.
Phase one will include three lines along high-density traffic corridors, spanning 71.16km.
In July 2008 the GoAP awarded a contract to executing the project under a design, build, finance, operate and transfer basis for 35 years to a consortium led by Maytas Metro. However, this contract was cancelled in July 2009.
The state government subsequently invited qualification bids; L&T emerged as the lowest bidder at INR1.46bn, and was awarded the contract under a design, build, finance, operate and transfer basis.
The unsuccessful bidders were the Transstroy-OJSC Transstroy-CR18G-BEML consortium, with a bid of INR2.2bn, and the Reliance Infra-Reliance Infocomm consortium, with a bid of INR2.9bn.
L&T will receive real estate construction rights over 18.5 million square feet, in addition to ticket sales revenue.
The project achieved its financial closure in April 2011. The groundbreaking ceremony of the project took place in April 2012 and completion is scheduled for completion in 2016.
Line routes and stations
The Hyderabad Metro will have three lines. Corridor-1 will run from the south-east to the north-west of the city and will be 29.87km long, connecting 27 stations between Miyapur and LB Nagar.
Corridor-2 will run from east to west and will be 14.78km long, connecting 16 stations from Secunderabad to Falaknuma. Corridor-3 will run from the north to the south and will be 26.51km long, connecting 23 stations from Nagole to Shilparamam.
All three lines will interconnect at common stations; Ameerpet on lines one and three, the medical college on lines one two, and the parade grounds on lines two and three. All stations will be one kilometre apart on average.
Construction work on the Indian metro
Construction work on the metro project started in April 2012 with groundbreaking ceremonies taking place at three locations. Construction of the three corridors has been divided into six stages. Corridor-1 will be built under stages two and five, which include the Miyapur to S R Nagar and S R Nagar to L B Nagar stretches respectively. Construction of Corridor-2 will be carried out under stage six, which includes the JBS to Falaknuma stretch. Corridor-3 will be built in stage one, three and four and includes the Nagole to Mettuguda, Mettuguda to Begumpet and Begumpet to Shilparamam stretches respectively.
Infrastructure of Hyderabad's transport system
The Hyderabad Metro will be an elevated system with a nine metre-wide bridge structure. The bridge will run from the central median of the road and will have two tracks.
The tracks will be of 1,435mm standard gauge. The system's electrical traction will be of DC 750V and power will be supplied through the third rail. Continuously welded rails will be laid to minimise the noise levels.
Trains will be operating at a top speed of 80km/h. Locomotives will be air-conditioned and will include automatic doors and other safety features.
The metro system will also have a feeder bus service. The buses will be air-conditioned and will connect nearby lanes, businesses and other popular destinations. Smart card-based automatic ticketing and gate systems are planned for the metro.
Signalling, communications and contractors
Trains will have automated systems, such as automatic train control and automatic train protection. Automatic train operation will also be upgraded.
As part of the concession agreement, automatic systems have to be constructed, operated, maintained and transferred at the end of the concession period.
Keolis SA, a subsidiary of France-based SNCF Group, was selected as the operating and maintaining contractor for the metro project in May 2012 by L&T. Hyundai Rotem is the rolling stock contractor for the project.
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