Awash Woldia / Hara Gebeya Railway Line Project, Ethiopia
The Awash Woldia/Hara Gebeya Railway Project is a new railway line being constructed between Awash and Woldia, Ethiopia.
Project owner Ethiopian Railway Corporation (ERC) is investing $1.7bn in the project. Construction of the new line commenced in February 2015 and is expected to be completed in 2017.
The new railway line will connect northern and central Ethiopia. It will also link the country's northern and eastern transportation networks.
Background, purpose and benefits of the Awash Woldia/Hara Gebeya railway project
The Ethiopian Government has been undertaking several transportation projects as part of a five-year growth and transformation plan (GTP), which aims to enhance the transportation network within the country by connecting to adjacent countries and ports. It will provide efficient mobility and improve the export and import activities, boosting the economic development. National Railway Network of Ethiopia (NRNE) is one of the several projects constituted in the plan.
ERC has recognised eight railway routes as significant for development. These routes will have a total length of approximately 5,060km, including buffer.
NRNE projects will be implemented in two phases. Phase one is composed of five railway projects, which include Addis Ababa - Djibouti Railway Project, Mekele - Woldia/Hara Gebeya - Semera-Tadjourah Port Railway Project, Addis Ababa - Ijaji-Jimma-Dima, including Jimma - Bedele Railway Project, Awash-Kombolcha-Hara Gebeya Railway Project and Mojo-Shashemene-Arbaminich-Weyto Railway Project.
Phase two includes six projects, Jimma-Guraferda-Dima diorected to Boma , Ijaji-Nekemet-Assosa-Kumuruk, Mekele-Shire, Fenoteselam-Bahirdar-Wereta-Woldia, Wereta Azazo-Metema and Adama-Indeto-Gassera-Ginir.
Algiers Metro was inaugurated on 31 October 2011 after nearly three decades of development. It is Algeria's first metro system and the second metro transport system in Africa. The metro serves three million inhabitants of the city of Algiers, carrying 300,000 passengers every day.
Line routes and benefits of the Awash Woldia/Hara Gebeya railway project
The new Awash Woldia/Hara Gebeya Railway Project is an extension project that will connect to Addis Adaba - Djibouti railway line. Awash railway station lies along the railway line from Addis Adaba to Djibouti.
Addis Adaba - Dijbouti is the primary transportation link for mobility of goods and people. The route is also used for import and export purposes through Djibourti port. The approximately 400km-long single railway line will start from the north-east of Awash and progress northwards through Kombolcha to reach Woldia.
The line will also link with Woldia/Hara Gebeya- Semera-Dicheto-Elidar project, which will connect northern Ethiopia with Tadjurah port in Djibouti. The Woldia/Hara Gebeya- Semera-Dicheto-Elidar project will provide second transport link to the port and enhance the country's development. All the current design works are subject to changes according to the final design, however.
Infrastructure of ERC's new railway line
The Awash Woldia / Hara Gebeya railway line will involve the construction of 400km of new rail line, 40km maintenance lines and 18km station lines. It also includes construction of new tunnels, three terminal stations with two platforms, and six intermediate stations with a single platform. The total length of the railway line will subsequently be 447km.
An operation control tower will also be built exclusively for the line. The overhead catenary will provide electricity for the main railway line, depot and stabling lines. Two maintenance facilities, warehouse, generator rooms, maintenance and painting workshop, mechanical service building, wash services, service and commercial buildings will be constructed adjacent to the railway stations.
Contractors involved with ERC's new $1.7bn railway line
In June 2012, ERC signed an engineering, procurement and construction contract worth $1.7bn for the Awash Woldia/Hara Gebeya railway project with Yapi Merkezi, a company based in Turkey. The contractual terms mandate to complete the construction of the new line within 42 months.
Yapi Merkezi is one of the world's leading transportation infrastructure companies with a vast experience in rail systems. In addition to the $1.7bn contract signed in Ethiopia, Yapi Merkezi has also successfully completed the Dubai Metro Project, Casablanca tramline and Ankara - Konya high-speed rail line, which make Yapi Merkezi a world brand in rail systems.
ABB is responsible for providing traction substations and auxiliary power supply for the new rail line.
SYSTRA secured a contract to assemble a standard gauge electrified rail line that will connect Awash with Hara Gebeya in Ethiopia.