Shinjuku Railway Station, Tokyo, Japan
Shinjuku station is located in Shinjuku and Shibuya in Tokyo, Japan. An average of 3.5 million people use the station each day, making it the busiest station in the world in terms of passenger numbers.
Shinjuku is a cluster of five stations: JR-East, Odakyu Electric Railway, Keio Corporation, Tokyo Metro and Toei Subway. The station serves as a connecting link between central Tokyo and its western suburbs.
Shinjuku Station infrastructure
The station consists of ten platforms that serve 20 tracks and 12 train links. It has 200 exits including an underground arcade.
The JR-East system includes Yamanote Line, Chūō Main Line, Chūō Rapid Line, Chūō-Sōbu Line, Shōnan-Shinjuku Line and Saikyō Line.
Odakyu Electric Railway includes the Odakyu Odawara Line while Keio Corporation includes the Keiō and Keiō lines. Tokyo Metro includes the Marunouchi Line and Toei Subway includes the Toei Shinjuku and Toei Ōedo lines.
The east of Shinjuku station is dedicated for shopping and includes restaurants, departmental stores and kiosks.
Lines and routes
JR Railways serves an average of 1.5 million passengers a day. It consists of seven ground-level island platforms located on a north-south axis. These platforms are connected by concourses (two overhead and one underground). JR provides services to urban and suburban mass transit lines. It also provides long-distance services on the Chūō to Kōfu and Matsumoto line.
Odakyū Station serves 90,000 passengers a day. The line stretches from the south-west to the coastal city of Odawara, which includes mountains of Hakone. Ten platforms have been built on two levels under the Odakyu departmental store. Of these, six are overground and the remaining four are underground. Platforms are situated on both sides of the track, which separates boarding and alighting passengers.
The non-JR Railway, Keio is one of the busiest railways of Japan handling 710,000 passengers a day. The line links Shinjuku and Hachioji City in the west. To the west of the Odakyu line is the concourse of the Keio line, located under the Keio departmental store.
Toie and Keiō New Line consist of two platforms that stretch east-west. The platforms are located five floors below Kōshū Kaidō avenue.
Tokyo Metro Station has two Marunouchi lines, which have underground platforms. They stretch from east-west to the north of JR and Odakyu facilities, beneath the Promenade underground mall.
Seibu-Shinjuku Station lies north of Shinjuku station. Its route runs from Seibu Line to Kawagoe.
Shinjuku station was opened in 1885. It was previously a stop on the Akabane-Shinagawa line (now part of the Yamanote Line).
The opening of highway lines - Chuo, Keio and Odakyu - resulted in increased traffic through the station. Subway services at the station started in 1959.
Plans were drawn in the past to connect Shinjuku to the Shinkansen network. According to the plans, the station was supposed to be the southern terminal of the Jōetsu Shinkansen line to Niigata. At present Jōetsu line terminates at Tokyo Station.