High-speed rail line
The 770km-long Moscow-Kazan high-speed rail line will connect the two large Russian cities of Moscow and Kazan.
The rail project is being developed by JSC High-Speed Rail Lines, a subsidiary of JSC Russian Railways, through a public-private partnership. It is planned to be built in 12 stages, creating more than 373,000 jobs.
Construction on the Moscow-Kazan route commenced in 2018 and commissioning is scheduled for 2026. Moscow-Kazan route is the first phase of the Russian section of a high-speed rail network between Europe and Asia, which aims to address the increased cargo transportation between Beijing, China, and Moscow, Russia.
The Moscow-Kazan railway project was approved by the Russian Government in May 2013. A consortium of OJSC Mosgiprotrans, OJSC Nizhegorodmetroproekt, and China Railway Eryuan Engineering Group Co designed the high-speed line.
The design for the third and fourth stages, covering the route between Zheleznodorozhnaya station in Omsk to Vladimir station, was finalised by FAU Glavgosexpertiza of Russia in July 2017. The construction of the first section of the rail line was approved by the Russian Government in 2019.
The rail line is expected to serve approximately 10.5 million passengers in its initial year of operation. The passenger capacity is estimated to reach 20 million a year by 2035 and 25 million a year by 2050.
When commissioned, the Moscow-Kazan high-speed train service will reduce travel time from Moscow to Kazan from 14 hours and seven minutes to three hours and 30 minutes.
The journey time between Nizhny Novgorod and Kazan will be reduced from 10 hours and 32 minutes to one hour and 30 minutes, while travel time between the capital cities will be 60 minutes.
The project is intended to improve interconnection and economic growth in the regions of Russia. It will also support the increased needs of cargo transport and mobility of population.
The Moscow-Kazan high-speed rail route will start at Moscow and move along the territories of Russia, including Moscow Region, Vladimir, Nizhny Novgorod regions, the Republic of Chuvashia, the Republic of Mari El, and the Republic of Tatarstan.
Russian Railways plans to further extend the Moscow-Kazan rail route to Yekaterinburg.
The Moscow-Kazan high-speed rail line will have two main tracks with a track gauge of 1.52m and a maximum slope of 24%. It will include 1,517km-long ballastless tracks and 83km-long ballast tracks along the route.
It will have a total of 33 interstations, including 16 embarkation / disembarkation stations and 17 dispatch stations. The main station tracks will have a length of 164km.
Approximately 800 artificial structures will be built along the route using 354,000t of metal for pedestrian paths and water courses. The scope of the project will include 53 large and 78 medium bridges, 49 viaducts, 33 railway overpasses, 128 road overpasses, and 454 culverts.
The bridges, overpasses and viaducts will feature double-track superstructures to provide improved vibration performance and high torsional rigidity.
Russian Railways plans to operate 300m-long bullet trains on the Moscow-Kazan high-speed rail route. The trains will have an operating speed of 360km/h and a maximum speed of 440km/h.
The trains can be powered by 3kV DC traction network or 25kV AC traction network. They will use between 12 and 16 conditional wagons for cargo transportation. The trains will be able to operate in temperatures ranging from -50°C to 40°C.
The passenger and freight rolling stock will be developed by Russian Railways, China Railway, Sinara and China Railway Rolling Stock (CRRC).
The dual fibre-optic communication system will be used for transmission of signals using optical fibre cables.
The line will be installed with an automatic train control (ATC) system with automatic train signalling (ALSN) and ATC with double phase difference modulation carrier frequency (ALS-EN) signals to ensure safe operation.
The track will also be equipped with locking systems, thermal viewers, and surveillance cameras.
China Railway Signal & Communication (CRSC) was engaged to develop ZDJ9 electric switch machine and an external locking and installation device for the project.
The total cost of the Moscow-Kazan high-speed rail line project is estimated to be more than RUB1tn ($30.31bn).
In April 2016, China Railway International Group agreed to provide a loan of RUB400bn ($6.2bn) for the construction of the Moscow-Kazan rail line over a 20-year period.
JSC High-Speed Rail Lines reached the BRICS New Development Bank in support of the Moscow-Kazan railway line in June 2016. The company also signed agreements with JSC Sogaz Insurance Group and Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank for co-operation on the project in June 2017.
The project will also be supported by the Russian Pension Fund, investment, subsidies, the National Wealth Fund, and guarantees.